Evolving Conceptual Framework and Monitoring Mechanism for SDGs in India
Abstract: At the 70th Summit of UN in September 2015 the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with 17 goals and 169 targets at its core called Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was adopted by the 193 Member states. Further to that, an initial set of 232 global indicators was adopted by UN General Assembly in July 2017. The 2030 Agenda provided flexibility to the countries to evolve their own set of indicators relevant in the local circumstances to complement global set of indicators. In India, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has been tasked with the responsibility of evolving national indicators, while NITI Aayog oversees the implementation of SDGs. MoSPI has evolved a draft set of 281 national indicators and placed it in the public domain, but it is yet to be finalized.
Management of a large number of indicators poses a challenge due its associated cost of collection, processing and dissemination of data. As per the estimates arrived at by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), there will be a requirement of USD 1 billion per annum to make the national statistical systems of IDA-eligible countries capable of monitoring the SDGs.
This paper proposes a set of 50 indicators, which are mainly outcome/output based indicators, named as Key Performance Indicators (KPIs), to capture the essence, effectively monitor and facilitate timely achievement of SDGs and associated targets.